Vocabulaire lié à la santé

Le coronavirus nous a tous enfermés dans nos maisons. Dans de tels moments, il est nécessaire de prendre soin de notre santé. Pour la même fois cette fois nous vous avons apporté du vocabulaire lié à la santé en anglais.

1. Abnormal – [ ab-nawr-muhl ]

Meaning – different from what is usual or average, especially in a way that is bad

French – anormal

Example: Mary was tensed as she spotted an abnormal lump in her hand.(Mary était tendue en repérant une bosse anormale dans sa main.)

2. Acupuncture – [ ak-yoo-puhngk-cher ]

Meaning – a treatment for pain or illness in which thin needles are positioned just under the surface of the skin at special points around the body 

French – acupuncture

Example: She was healed of back ache with the help of acupuncture.(Elle a été guérie de maux de dos avec l’aide de l’acupuncture)

3. Ache – [ eyk ]

Meaning- a continuous pain that is unpleasant but not very strong

French – avoir mal

Example: John rushed to the dentist when cold ice made his tooth ache.(John s’est précipité chez le dentiste lorsque la glace froide lui a fait mal aux dents)

4. Addictive – [ uh-dik-tiv ]

Meaning – An addictive activity or food is one that you cannot stop doing or eating once you have started

French – addictif

Example: He had an addictive habit of taking sleeping pills.(Il avait une habitude addictive de prendre des somnifères.)

5. Allergy – [ al-er-jee ]

Meaning – a condition that makes a person become sick or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances

French – allergie

Example: Mary has a peanut allergy.(Mary a une allergie aux arachides.)

6. Blood Pressure – [ bluhd presh-er ]

Meaning – a measure of the pressure at which the blood flows through the body

French – tension artérielle 

Example: My grandfather’s blood pressure keeps on fluctuating.(La tension artérielle de mon grand-père continue de fluctuer.)

7. Breathe – [ breeth ]

Meaning – to move air into and out of the lungs

French – respirer

Example: James found it difficult to breathe underwater.(James avait du mal à respirer sous l’eau.)

8. Cardiac – [ kahr-dee-ak ]

Meaning – of the heart or heart disease

French – cardiaque

Example: Dr. Steve is the best cardiac surgeon.(Dr Steve est le meilleur chirurgien cardiaque.)

9. Cure – [ kyoor ]

Meaning – o make someone with an illness healthy again

French – cure

Example: They finally found the cure for the rare flu.(Ils ont finalement trouvé la cure contre la grippe rare.)

10. Dehydration – [ dee-hahy-drey-shuh n ]

Meaning – to lose water, or to cause water to be lost from something, especially from a person’s body

French – déshydratation

Example: Lack of enough drinking water led her to dehydration.(Le manque d’eau potable suffisante l’a conduite à la déshydratation)

11. Disease  – [ dih-zeez ]

Meaning – illness of people, animals, plants, etc., caused by infection or a failure of health rather than by an accident

French – maladie

Example: One should have a balanced diet to avoid disease.(Il faut avoir une alimentation équilibrée pour éviter les maladies.)

12. Doctor – [dok-ter]

Meaning – a person with a medical degree whose job is to treat people who are ill or hurt

French – médecin 

Example: The doctor gave her some medicine for stomach ache.(Le médecin lui a donné des médicaments pour ses maux d’estomac.)

13. Epidemic – [ ep-i-dem-ik ]

Meaning – the appearance of a particular disease in a large number of people at the same time

French – épidémie

Example: Life during an epidemic is tough.(La vie pendant une épidémie est difficile.)

14. Fracture – [ frak-cher ]

Meaning – If something hard, such as a bone, fractures, or is fractured, it breaks or cracks

French – fracture

Example: Have you ever got a fracture?(Avez-vous déjà eu une fracture?)

15. Genetics – [ juh-net-iks ]

Meaning the study of how, in all living things, the characteristics and qualities of parents are given to their children by their genes

French – génétique

Example: Sophia has a PHD in human genetics.(Sophia a un doctorat en génétique humaine.) 

16. Immunity – [ ih-myoo-ni-tee ]

Meaning a situation in which you are protected against disease

French – immunité

Example: A strong immunity can keep illnesses away.(Une forte immunité peut éloigner les maladies.)

17. Infection – [ in-fek-shuh n ]

Meaning – to pass a disease to a person, animal, or plant

French – infection

Example: Lucas has a throat infection.(Lucas a une infection de la gorge.)

18. Injury – [ in-juh-ree ]

Meaning – physical harm or damage to someone’s body caused by an accident or an attack

French – blessure

Example: He took a month to recover from his leg injury.(Il a fallu un mois pour se remettre de sa blessure à la jambe.)

19. Joint – [ joint ]

Meaning – a place in your body where two bones are connected

French – articulation

Example: My joints ache when it gets cold. (Mes articulations me font mal quand il fait froid.)

20. Medical – [ med-i-kuh l ]

Meaning – related to the treatment of illness and injuries

French – médical

Example – They searched for medical aid in the desert.(Ils ont cherché de l’aide médicale dans le désert.)

J’espère que vous avez aimé apprendre ces nouveaux mots liés à la santé . Assurez-vous de les utiliser lorsque vous devez parler à un médecin en anglais.