Vocabulaire lié à l’environnement

L’environnement change radicalement. Il devient de plus en plus important d’apprendre à communiquer à ce sujet avec les autres. Si vous voulez aussi pouvoir parler en anglais de l’environnement, alors ces mots vous seront utiles. 

1. Atmosphere [at-muhs-feer]

Meaning – the mixture of gases around the earth 

French – atmosphère

Example: The atmosphere is cleaner than it used to be.(L’atmosphère est plus propre qu’auparavant.)

2.Biodegradable [bahy-oh-di-grey-duh-buh]

Meaning – able to decay naturally and in a way that is not harmful

French – biodégradable

Example: She always segregated biodegradable and nonbiodegradable waste.(Elle a toujours séparé les déchets biodégradables et non biodégradables.)

3.Biodiversity [bahy-oh-di-vur-si-tee ]

Meaning- the number and types of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or in the world generally, or the problem of protecting this:

French – biodiversité

Example: The extinction of animals is a threat to biodiversity.(L’extinction des animaux est une menace pour la biodiversité.)

4.Biosphere [bahy-uh-sfeer]

Meaning -the part of the earth’s environment where life exists

French – biosphère

Example: He lived only in one geographical area, so was exposed to only a part of the biosphere.(Il ne vivait que dans une zone géographique, il n’était donc exposé qu’à une partie de la biosphère.)

5.Carbon [kahr-buh n ]

Meaning -a chemical element that exists in its pure form as diamond or graphite, and is an important part of other substances such as coal and oil, as well as being contained in all plants and animals

French – carbone 

Example: Enormous carbon emissions are a threat to the environment.(D’énormes émissions de carbone constituent une menace pour l’environnement.)

6.Carbon dioxide [kahr-buh n dahy-ok-sahyd ]

Meaning – the gas formed when carbon is burned, or when people or animals breathe out

French – dioxyde de carbone

Example: Plants are saving humans by inhaling carbon dioxide.(Les plantes sauvent les humains en inhalant du dioxyde de carbone.)

7.Climate [klahy-mit ]

Meaning – the general weather conditions usually found in a particular place

French – climat

Example: The climate has been a little off lately.(Le climat s’est un peu dégradé ces derniers temps.)

8.Earthquake [urth-kweyk ]

Meaning – a sudden violent movement of the earth’s surface, sometimes causing great damage

French – tremblement de terre

Example: An earthquake can destroy many buildings in seconds.(Un tremblement de terre peut détruire de nombreux bâtiments en quelques secondes.)

9.Ecosystem [ek-oh-sis-tuh m ]

Meaning -all the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment

French – écosystème

Example: Water is an important element of the ecosystem for the survival of humans.(L’eau est une partie importante de l’écosystème pour la survie humaine.)

10.Endangered [en-deyn-jerd ]

Meaning -in danger of being harmed, lost, unsuccessful, etc.

French – en voie d’extinction

Example: The Dodo birds are one of the most endangered species in the world.(Les oiseaux Dodo sont l’une des espèces les plus menacées au monde)

11. Erosion [ih-roh-zhuh n]

Meaning – the fact of soil, stone, etc. being gradually damaged and removed by the waves, rain, or wind

French – érosion

Example: Soil erosion affects the growth of plants in the environment.(L’érosion du sol affecte la croissance des plantes dans l’environnement.)

12.Famine [fam-in ]

Meaning -a situation in which there is not enough food for a great number of people, causing illness and death, or a particular period when this happens

French – famine

Example: There was a great famine in Rome.(Il y avait une grande famine à Rome.)

13.Global warming [gloh-buh l wawrming]

Meaning – a gradual increase in world temperatures caused by gases such as carbon dioxide that are collecting in the air around the earth and stopping heat escaping into space

French – réchauffement de la planète

Example:  To stop the meltdown we must slow global warming.(Pour arrêter la fonte des neiges, nous devons ralentir le réchauffement climatique.)

14.Greenhouse effect [green-hous ih-fekt]

Meaning -an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere (= mixture of gases around the earth), that is believed to be the cause of a gradual warming of the surface of the earth

French – effet de serre

Example: It is indisputable now that humans are changing the earth’s climate via the enhanced greenhouse effect. (Il est incontestable maintenant que les humains modifient le climat de la Terre via l’effet de serre accru.)

15.Ozone layer – [oh-zohn  ley-er ]

Meaning –  a layer of air containing ozone high above the earth that prevents harmful ultraviolet light from the sun from reaching the earth

French – la couche d’ozone

Example: Without the ozone layer, life will cease to exist on Earth.(Sans la couche d’ozone, la vie cessera d’exister sur Terre.)

16.Oxygen [ok-si-juh n ]

Meaning -a chemical element that is a gas with no smell or colour. Oxygen forms a large part of the air on earth, and is needed by animals and plants to live

French – oxygène

Example: Humans need oxygen to survive.(Les humains ont besoin d’oxygène pour survivre.)

17. Pollution [puh-loo-shuh n ]

Meaning -damage caused to water, air, etc. by harmful substances or waste

French – pollution

Example: Pollution has made it difficult for people to lead a normal life.(La pollution a rendu difficile pour les gens de mener une vie normale.)

18. Renewable – [ ri-noo ey-buhl ]

Meaning – Renewable forms of energy can be produced as quickly as they are use

French – renouvelable

Example – Solar energy is a renewable energy source. (L’énergie solaire est une source d’énergie renouvelable.)

Nous savons que l’on peut facilement se confondre avec des mots similaires liés à l’environnement. Cependant, un peu de pratique vous aidera à faire la différence entre ces mots. Pour apprendre plus de nouveaux mots en anglais, continuez à lire notre blog.