Vocabulaire lié à la culture

La culture est une partie très importante de toutes nos vies. Cela nous façonne en tant qu’individus et nous aide à nous comporter de certaines manières. Dans cet article, vous rencontrerez divers mots liés à la culture et découvrirez comment nous pouvons les utiliser en anglais.

1. Anthropology [ an-thruhpoluh-jee ]

Meaning: the study of the human race, its culture and society, and its physical development

French: anthropologie

She has a degree in anthropology which helps her learn about the history of mankind. (Elle a un diplôme en anthropologie qui l’aide à en apprendre davantage sur l’histoire de l’humanité.)

2. Belief [ bih-leef ]

Meaning – the feeling of being certain that something exists or is true 

French – croyance

His belief in god helped him stay strong even in tough times. (Sa croyance en Dieu l’aidait à rester fort même dans les moments difficiles.)

3. Custom [ kuhs-tuhm ]

Meaning –  a way of behaving or a belief that has been established for a long time

French – coutume

Is there any custom that you follow before a marriage here? (Y a-t-il une coutume que vous suivez avant un mariage ici?)

4. Heritage [ her-i-tij ]

Meaning: features belonging to the culture of a particular society, such as traditions, languages, or buildings, that were created in the past and still have historical importance

French: –  patrimoine

Many ancient monuments are now converted into heritage sites. (De nombreux monuments anciens sont aujourd’hui convertis en sites patrimoniaux.)

5. Legacy [ leguh-see]

Meaning – something that is a part of your history or that remains from an earlier time

French – héritage

The writer intended to make sure his legacy was one of love and creativity.  (L’écrivain avait l’intention de s’assurer que son héritage était un héritage d’amour et de créativité.)

6. Religion [ ri-lijuhn ]

Meaning – the belief in and worship of a god or gods, or any such system of belief and worship

French – religion

He didn’t want to believe in any one religion. (Il ne voulait pas croire en une seule religion.)

7. Ethics [ eth-iks]

Meaning – the study of what is morally right and wrong, or a set of beliefs about what is morally right and wrong

French – éthique

The ethics of journalism are much debated. (L’éthique du journalisme fait l’objet de nombreux débats.)

8. Values [ val-yoos]

Meaning – the principles that help you to decide what is right and wrong, and how to act in various situations

French – valeur

He is a man of values. (C’est un homme de valeurs.)

9. Civilization [ siv-uh-luhzey-shuhn]

Meaning – human society with its well developed social organizations, or the culture and way of life of a society or country at a particular period in time

French – civilisation

I’ve heard a lot of the Harappan civilization. (J’ai beaucoup entendu parler de la civilisation harappéenne.)

10. Stereotype [ ster-ee-uh-tahyp]

Meaning – a set idea that people have about what someone or something is like, especially an idea that is wrong

French –  stéréotype 

Do you believe in stereotypes? (Croyez-vous aux stéréotypes?)

11. Ethnocentrism [ eth-noh-sen-triz-uhm]

Meaning: the belief that the people, customs, and traditions of your own race or country are better than those of other races or countries

French – ethnocentrisme

Modernity has no greater enemy than ethnocentrism.  (La modernité n’a pas de plus grand ennemi que l’ethnocentrisme.)

12. Prejudice [ prejuh-dis ]

Meaning- an unfair and unreasonable opinion or feeling, especially when formed without enough thought or knowledge

French – préjugé 

The police didn’t want prejudice in the case. (La police ne voulait pas de préjugés dans cette affaire.)

13. Diversity [ dih-vur-si-tee ]

Meaning – the fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people

French: diversité 

Unity in diversity is the motto of our organisation. (L’unité dans la diversité est la devise de notre organisation.)

14. Culture shock

Meaning – a feeling of confusion felt by someone visiting a country or place that they do not know

French: choc culturel

Moving to New York was a bit of a culture shock after ten years of living in India. (S’installer à New York a été un choc culturel après dix ans de vie en Inde.)

15. Mythology [ mi-tholuh-jee ]

Meaning – a popular belief that is probably not true

French: mythologie

He has studied greek mythology in detail. (Il a étudié la mythologie grecque en détail.)

Maintenant que vous connaissez la signification de ces mots, assurez-vous de les utiliser quand vous parlez de la culture. Pour plus de vocabulaire anglais, continuez à lire le blog.

Apprenez l’anglais en ligne chez Albert Learning